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AFRICA: A World Heritage sites tour of Tunisia


Halina Bednarz 2008-07-27

Inside the Great Mosque in Kiruan
Image:HB
Inside the Great Mosque in Kiruan

Amphitheater of El Jem, Carthage, Medina of Tunis, Medina of Sousse, Kairouan.. all placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

PHOTOS:
http://www.eu.cyberdusk.pl/press/thumbnails.php?album=40


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Amphitheater of El Jem (ancient Thydrus)

Image:Halina Bednarz

The impressive ruins of the largest coliseum in North Africa, a huge amphitheatre which could hold up to 35,000 spectators, can be found in the small village of El Jem. This 3rd-century construction illustrates the extent and grandeur of Imperial Rome.

Elliptically shaped mass, is 148 m long by 122 m wide and has a 427 m perimeter.

Image:Halina Bednarz






Roman villas in El Jem

Image:HB

The Roman House in El Jem

Image:HB

Museum - foundings and mosaics from Amphitheater

Carthage

Image:Halina Bednarz

Founded in the 9th century B.C. on the Gulf of Tunis, Carthage developed, from the 6th century, into a great trading empire covering much of the Mediterranean and was home to a brilliant civilization.

Image:HB


Medina of Tunis

The GREAT MOSQUE
Image:HB
The GREAT MOSQUE

Under the reign of the Almohaves and the Hafsides dynasties, from the 12th to the 16th centuries, Tunis was considered one of the greatest and wealthiest cities of the Islamic world. Some 700 monuments, including palaces, mosques, mausoleums, medersas and fountains, speak of this remarkable past.

Image:HB

The GREAT MOSQUE

Medina of Sousse

The Great Mosque
Image:Halina Bednarz
The Great Mosque

Sousse, an important commercial and military port in the times of the Aghlabites (800-909), is a typical example of a town dating from the first centuries of Islam. With its kasbah, its ramparts, its medina (with the Great Mosque), the Bu Ftata Mosque and its typical ribat, at the same time a fort and religious building, Sousse formed part of a coastal defence system.

Image:Halina Bednarz

The Ribat

Kairouan

Image:Halina Bednarz

Founded in 670, Kairouan flourished under the Aghlabide dynasty in the 9th century. Despite the transfer of the political capital to Tunis in the 12th century, Kairouan remained the first holy city of the Maghreb.

Its rich architectural heritage includes the Great Mosque with its columns in marble and porphyry and the 9th- century Mosque of the Three Gates.

Image:HB

The Great Mosque
- the oldest mosque in North Africa and the world's oldest minaret

Mosque inside
Image:HB
Mosque inside

There are many mosques in the city, among which the great mosque. After its establishment, Kairouan became an Islamic and Qur'anic learning center in North Africa.

There are 414 columns in the mosque. Almost all were taken from the ruins of Carthage

Image:Halina Bednarz

9th- century Mosque of the Three Gates.

Image:HB


Image:HB

Kairouan was to become the 4rd holiest city in Islam after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. 
On photo - directions to the all holy Islamic places (in the Great Mosque)

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